women

Two women share chemistry Nobel in historic win for ‘genetic scissors’

Emmanuelle Charpentier (L) and Jennifer DoudnaImage copyright
Getty Images

Image caption

Emmanuelle Charpentier (L) and Jennifer Doudna began a formidable partnership in 2011

Two scientists have been awarded the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for developing the tools to edit DNA.

Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna are the first two women to share the prize, which honours their work on the technology of genome editing.

Their discovery, known as Crispr-Cas9 “genetic scissors”, is a way of making specific and precise changes to the DNA contained in living cells.

They will split the prize money of 10 million krona (£861,200; $1,110,400).

Biological chemist Pernilla Wittung-Stafshede, commented: “The ability to cut DNA where you want has revolutionised the life sciences.”

Not only has the women’s technology been transformative for basic research, it could also be used to treat inherited illnesses.

Prof Charpentier, from the Max Planck Unit for the Science of Pathogens in Berlin, said it was

Read More Read more
model

A comprehensive clinical and genetic model for predicting severe COVID-19 risk

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has infected over 35 million people worldwide and caused more than 1 million deaths so far, making it clear that it is an urgent threat to public health worldwide. While COVID-19 can cause mild disease in many people, with only cough and fever as reported symptoms, studies show that up to 30% of those infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may require hospitalization, and some patients will need intensive clinical intervention for acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Across the globe, public health responses have been focused on limiting new infections by preventing community transmission through social distancing, usage of masks, shutting down non-essential services, and enforcing travel restrictions. These interventions have had devastating social and economic impacts, along with a steep increase in reported mental health issues.

At a time when nations are experiencing increased pressure to re-open economies and return to normal

Read More Read more