women

U.S. labor shock from pandemic hit women of color hardest; will it persist?

By Howard Schneider

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – One of the positive turns that the U.S. economy took during a decade-long recovery through 2019 was a steady rise in the share of women looking for work and working.

Women’s labor force participation had declined in 2007-2009 during the Great Recession, and many economists had worried that would become permanent, weighing on growth overall as women kept their skills and efforts off the table.

When women’s participation started climbing around 2015, particularly for Blacks and Latinas, it helped boost growth and likely was a force behind the increases in household income that also began around then.

(Graphic: Labor force participation among women – https://graphics.reuters.com/GREAT-REBOOT/DATA/gjnpwjowbvw/chart.png)

The coronavirus has seized back those gains, and sparked another debate over whether reduced participation will persist.

(Graphic: Women’s labor force participation, post pandemic – https://graphics.reuters.com/GREAT-REBOOT/DATA/xlbpgjxoxvq/chart.png)

Recessions typically fall hardest on racial and ethnic minorities, due to bias as

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women

Older women and disabled people hardest hit by Australia’s assault on welfare



a group of people in front of a sign: Photograph: Stefan Postles/AAP


© Provided by The Guardian
Photograph: Stefan Postles/AAP

Two decades of welfare crackdowns by successive governments have resulted in a sharp rise in older women and people with disabilities languishing on unemployment benefits for longer.

A Parliamentary Budget Office paper issued on Wednesday reveals that, as of 2019, 62% of men receiving jobseeker payment are staying on the benefit longer than 12 months – up from 51% in 2007.

But the change is even more drastic among women, rising from 47.6% to 71.2%.

The analysis – which tracks the impact of big shifts in welfare policy dating back as far as the Howard years – confirms warnings from advocates and analysis by Guardian Australia that the unemployed are spending longer on benefits than ever before.



a group of people in front of a sign: Researchers argue unemployment benefits now appear to ‘function as a kind of pre-age-pension payment for some older Australians’.


© Photograph: Stefan Postles/AAP
Researchers argue unemployment benefits now appear to ‘function as a kind of pre-age-pension payment for some older Australians’.

In 2007, 9.5%

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